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Prevention, Testing and Diagnosis

​​​​​​​​​Summary

  • Current Australian prevention priorities include traditional safer sex messages, Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP), Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) and Treatment-as-Prevention (TasP).
  • There is a growing interest in biomedical HIV prevention accompanied by a resurgence of funding for HIV vaccine development.
  • Testing for HIV has become easier with the introduction of Point of Care Tests to complement traditional laboratory-based HIV testing.
  • Most HIV diagnoses are made in the primary care setting.
  • There are a number of resources and support structures in place for clinicians making an HIV diagnosis.

Prevention, Testing and Diagnosis in Australia

Prevention campaigns are being run around Australia and New Zealand, which include messaging around safer sex, frequent testing and early treatment as options for preventing the transmission of HIV. One such campaign is The Ending HIV Campaign which was developed by the AIDS Council Of NSW (ACON) and has now been picked up by many jurisdictions.

National PEP Guidelines (the second edition published in August 2016) have been developed and PrEP pilot studies have begun in several cities across Australia as medical prevention techniques.

Various testing options are now available to individuals, including traditional laboratory testing, which is freely available, as well as Point of Care Testing (PoCT) which was introduced in 2012 and has been rolled out in several States/Territories. 

There is a significant effort to normalise HIV testing within the primary care setting as most HIV dianoses are made here. Support exists for clinicians making a new HIV diagnosis.


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http://arv.ashm.org.au, ARV Guidelines

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